NSC's director Patrick Norman in front of Triolith. Photo by Göran Billeson.
Triolith is NSC's current flagship system. It is named after two previous systems with similar architectures: Monolith and Neolith.
Triolith is equipped with fast interconnect network (Mellanox Infiniband FDR) for high performance when running massively parallel applications, but its cost-efficient design also makes it suitable for smaller jobs.
Triolith has a combined peak performance of 407 Teraflop/sec, 25,600 compute cores, 55 Terabytes of memory, and 87 Terabit/s aggregated network performance.
The system is based on HP's Cluster platform 3000 with SL230s Gen8 compute nodes, and was delivered in 2012 by GoVirtual AB.
|Hardware||HP Cluster Platform 3000 with SL230s Gen8 and DL980 Gen 7 ("huge" nodes) compute nodes|
|Processors||8-core Intel Xeon E5-2660 "Sandy Bridge" processors at 2.2GHz|
|8-core Intel Xeon CPU E7-2830 at 2.13GHz ("huge" nodes)|
|Number of compute nodes||1594|
|Compute node (thin)||2 sockets (16 cores) with 32 GB DDR3 1600 MHz memory (1524 nodes)|
|Compute node (fat)||2 sockets (16 cores) with 128 GB DDR3 1600 MHz memory (56 nodes)|
|Compute node (gpu,phi)||2 sockets (16 cores) with 64 GB DDR3 1600 MHz memory (8 nodes)|
|Compute node (huge)||8 sockets (64 cores) with 1 TB memory (2 nodes)|
|Analysis nodes (DCS)||2 sockets (16 cores) with 256 GB DDR3 1600 MHz memory (12 nodes)|
|Login nodes||2 HP ProLiant DL380p Gen8 servers, accessible using SSH and ThinLinc|
|High speed interconnect||Mellanox Infiniband FDR high-speed interconnect (1 us PI latency, ~7 GB/sec MPI bandwidth)|
|Node scratch storage||800 TB (500 GB per node)|
|Global file system||Triolith uses NSC's Centre Storage system (shared between Triolith and Gamma)|
|Operating system||CentOS Linux 6|
|Batch queue system||Slurm|
For software availability, please see the NSC software page.
Triolith is open for users within Swedish academia. You apply for computer time through SNIC. A full list of science project currently using Triolith is available in Science at NSC section. In general, most Triolith use is for simulations within materials science, fluid dynamics, and quantum chemistry.
The total budget for the Triolith project (Phase I-III) is approx. 60MSEK for the lifetime of the system. This works out to a total cost of around 0.07 SEK per core hour. This includes hardware, power, cooling, compute room, hardware support, software and the staff required to run the system (but no application experts), and assumes a 95% utilization (which is typical for Triolith).
For comparison, an equivalent virtual machine from a prominent US cloud vendor costs (as of 2014-10-30) from 0.07 SEK/core hour (lowest possible spot price, often more expensive than this) up to 0.43 SEK/core hour (on-demand instance), and this includes just the virtual machine running Linux, no applications or user support.
The average power consumption of Triolith with a normal utilization (95% of nodes in use) and an average application mix is around 415 kW (260W per compute node, 16.25 Wh/core hour)
The maximum power consumption (only ever achieved during the TOP500 Linpack run) is 519 kW.
At idle (which does not happen very often), a single compute node uses around 80W.